Statistics on Pesticides

This proposed Regulation would set rules for collecting data on the use and placing on the market of plant protection products, and make compliance with these rules mandatory.

Main Objectives

Calculating accurately the risk posed by plant protection products - preparations containing one or more active substances intended to protect plants or plant products against harmful organisms - requires reliable data. This Regulation aims to ensure this happens by making data collection mandatory, so that comparable data is collected in all Member States. This will make it easier to establish harmonised risk indictors and assess whether plant protection products can be used in a more sustainable manner.

Categorisation of Plant Protection Products

Annex III of the proposal provides a list of all substances covered by the Regulation. The major groups of plant protection products that contain these substances are categorised in the proposal as follows:

• Fungicides and Bactericides
• Herbicides
• Haulm Destructors and Moss Killers
• Insecticides and Acaricides
• Molluscicides
• Plant Growth Regulators
• Other Plant Protection Products (such as mineral and vegetal oils and soil sterilants)

The Statistics

1.       Plant protection products placed on the market

Member States must detail the quantity of each substance contained in plant protection products that are placed on the market. The weight of all substances must be measured and expressed in kilograms. The first reference period will be the second calendar year following the entry into force of this Regulation, and Member States must supply data annually to the Commission thereafter.

Member States must also supply the Commission with a quality report giving:

• The methodology used to collect data
• A description of estimations, aggregations and exclusion methods used

This report must be sent to the Commission within 15 months of the end of the reference year.  The quality report concerning the second year must contain an estimate of the proportions of the total quantity of substances. These estimates must be renewed every five years.

2.       Plant protection products used on selected crops

Each Member State must supply statistics for of all substances contained in plant protection products that are used on selected crops. Statistics supplied for these crops must cover at least 75% of the total quantity of substances placed on the market annually for agricultural use. The total area cultivated and the area of crop treated must also be recorded for each substance. Quantities of substances must be given in kilograms and areas cultivated must be expressed in hectares. Member States must supply the Commission with data two years after the entry into force of the Regulation. After that, Member States must collect data every five years.

When they transmit their results, Member States must also supply the Commission with a quality report giving:

• The methodology used to collect data
• A description of estimations, aggregations and exclusion methods used
• An estimation of the importance of the crops covered in relating to the amount of plant protection products used

A comparison between data on plant protection products used during the five year period and protection products placed on the market during the five corresponding years.

3.       Data Collection and Processing

Member States shall collect the necessary data by means of: 

• Surveys
• Reporting obligations applicable to suppliers concerning plant protection products placed on the market; distinct authorisations for non-professional uses can be used
• Reporting obligations applicable to professional users based on records kept on the use of plant protection products
• Administrative sources
• A combination of these means, including statistical estimation procedures on the basis of expert judgement or models

Scope of the Proposed Regulation

Data must be transmitted in electronic format to the Commission.

The scope of this proposed Regulation is limited to plant protection products, and does not cover biocidal products (products used in a variety of industries to kill unwanted organisms). This scope could be extended however to cover biocidal products at a later stage.

The scope of this proposed Regulation is limited to plant protection products, and does not cover biocidal products (products used in a variety of industries to kill unwanted organisms). This scope could be extended however to cover biocidal products at a later stage.

The Commission

Once in force, the Commission must submit a Report to Parliament and Council on the implementation of the Regulation every 5 years. This will evaluate in particular the quality of data transmitted, the burden on businesses and the usefulness of these statistics in assessing whether plant protection products are can be used in a more sustainable manner.